Regional variations in the management of testicular or ovotesticular disorders of sex development

Sex Dev. 2011;5(5):225-34. doi: 10.1159/000334263. Epub 2011 Nov 22.


Disorders of sex development arise in parts of the world with different socio-economic and cultural characteristics. We wished to determine the regional variations in the management of these conditions. A questionnaire was e-mailed to the 650 members of the European Society for Paediatric Endocrinology (ESPE), an international society with a mainly European membership but which also includes professionals from other continents. Results were subjected to statistical analysis. A total of 62 answers were received, a satisfactory rate given that not all members are involved in this issue. Results show statistically significant regional differences for available diagnostic resources, age of the patient at gender assignment, parameters considered important for gender assignment, and timing of discussion of various issues with parents and patient. The regional variations exist not only between different continents, as already demonstrated by others, but also between Northern, Latin and Eastern European countries. This suggests that 'one-fits-all' guidelines for management are not appropriate.

MeSH terms

  • Europe
  • Female
  • Geography*
  • Health Surveys
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Ovotesticular Disorders of Sex Development / diagnosis
  • Ovotesticular Disorders of Sex Development / genetics
  • Ovotesticular Disorders of Sex Development / therapy*
  • Sex Determination Analysis
  • Terminology as Topic
  • Testicular Diseases / diagnosis
  • Testicular Diseases / genetics
  • Testicular Diseases / therapy*
  • Time Factors