The effect of the thioether-bridged, stabilized Angiotensin-(1-7) analogue cyclic ang-(1-7) on cardiac remodeling and endothelial function in rats with myocardial infarction

Int J Hypertens. 2012:2012:536426. doi: 10.1155/2012/536426. Epub 2011 Oct 29.


Modulation of renin-angiotensin system (RAS) by angiotensin-(1-7) (Ang-(1-7)) is an attractive approach to combat the detrimental consequences of myocardial infarction (MI). However Ang-(1-7) has limited clinical potential due to its unfavorable pharmacokinetic profile. We investigated effects of a stabilized, thioether-bridged analogue of Ang-(1-7) called cyclic Ang-(1-7) in rat model of myocardial infarction. Rats underwent coronary ligation or sham surgery. Two weeks thereafter infusion with 0.24 or 2.4 μg/kg/h cAng-(1-7) or saline was started for 8 weeks. Thereafter, cardiac morphometric and hemodynamic variables as wells as aortic endothelial function were measured. The average infarct size was 13.8% and was not changed by cAng-(1-7) treatment. MI increased heart weight and myocyte size, which was restored by cAng-(1-7) to sham levels. In addition, cAng-(1-7) lowered left ventricular end-diastolic pressure and improved endothelial function. The results suggest that cAng-(1-7) is a promising new agent in treatment of myocardial infarction and warrant further research.