Febrile urinary tract infections in young children: recommendations for the diagnosis, treatment and follow-up

Acta Paediatr. 2012 May;101(5):451-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1651-2227.2011.02549.x. Epub 2012 Jan 3.


We report the recommendations for the diagnosis, treatment, imaging evaluation and use of antibiotic prophylaxis in children with the first febrile urinary tract infection, aged 2 months to 3 years. They were prepared by a working group of the Italian Society of Pediatric Nephrology after careful review of the available literature and a consensus decision, when clear evidence was not available.

Conclusion: These recommendations are endorsed by the Italian Society of Pediatric Nephrology. They can also be a tool of comparison with other existing guidelines in issues in which much controversy still exists.

Publication types

  • Practice Guideline
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Fever / etiology
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Urinary Tract Infections / complications
  • Urinary Tract Infections / diagnosis*
  • Urinary Tract Infections / drug therapy
  • Urinary Tract Infections / therapy*


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents