Scleroderma mimics

Curr Rheumatol Rep. 2012 Feb;14(1):39-46. doi: 10.1007/s11926-011-0220-8.

Abstract

Scleroderma is a rare systemic autoimmune disease with multiple organ manifestations, including skin fibrosis. The groups of disorders classified as scleroderma mimics share the common thread of skin thickening but are otherwise quite incongruous in terms of underlying disease process and other organ involvement. This article reviews the clinical presentation, etiology, and treatment options available for scleroderma mimics, including morphea, scleredema, diabetic cheiroarthropathy, scleromyxedema, nephrogenic systemic fibrosis, and eosinophilic fasciitis. Through greater understanding of these diseases and the associated extradermal implications, we hope to facilitate recognition of scleroderma and its mimics.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Eosinophilia / diagnosis*
  • Eosinophilia / etiology
  • Eosinophilia / therapy
  • Fasciitis / diagnosis*
  • Fasciitis / etiology
  • Fasciitis / therapy
  • Humans
  • Nephrogenic Fibrosing Dermopathy / diagnosis*
  • Nephrogenic Fibrosing Dermopathy / etiology
  • Nephrogenic Fibrosing Dermopathy / therapy
  • Scleredema Adultorum / diagnosis*
  • Scleredema Adultorum / etiology
  • Scleredema Adultorum / therapy
  • Scleroderma, Localized / diagnosis*
  • Scleroderma, Localized / etiology
  • Scleroderma, Localized / therapy
  • Scleromyxedema / diagnosis*
  • Scleromyxedema / etiology
  • Scleromyxedema / therapy