Effect of urine pH on uric acid excretion by manipulating food materials

Nucleosides Nucleotides Nucleic Acids. 2011 Dec;30(12):1066-71. doi: 10.1080/15257770.2011.596498.


A potential utilization of dietary intervention for reducing hyperuricemia was tested by managing food materials. Within the framework of the Japanese Government's health promotion program, we made recipes that consisted of more protein-rich and less vegetable/fruit-rich materials for the acidic diet and others composed of less protein-rich and more vegetable/fruit-rich materials for the alkaline diet. We have shown that urine alkalization facilitates uric acid excretion. In this study, it has been clarified with simultaneous measurements of both serum and urine uric acid concentration that acidic diets increase serum uric acid together with a decrease of uric acid excretion. The ratio (R) of uric acid clearance/creatinine clearance was calculated. On the third experimental day, the relative R, referring to that of the first day for the acidic diet, became smaller than that for the alkaline diet, indicating that in acidic urine, uric acid excretion is limited by more active reabsorption, compared with that in alkaline urine. Taken together, we tentatively conclude that dietary intervention may well be the safest and the most economical way for the prevention of hyperuricemia.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Diet
  • Female
  • Food*
  • Humans
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Uric Acid / blood
  • Uric Acid / urine*
  • Young Adult


  • Uric Acid