Methylation status of the E2 binding sites of HPV16 in cervical lesions determined with the Luminex® xMAP™ system

Virology. 2012 Jan 20;422(2):357-65. doi: 10.1016/j.virol.2011.11.006. Epub 2011 Dec 2.


Cervical carcinogenesis is driven by deregulated E6/E7 expression in dividing cells. A potential deregulating mechanism is methylation of E2 binding sites in the viral long control region, thereby prohibiting HPVE2-mediated transcription regulation. Here the frequency of HPV16E2BS methylation in cervical lesions (SCC, n=29; CIN3, n=17) and scrapes (controls, n=17; CIN3, n=21) was investigated. Three E2BSs were amplified using methylation independent PCR followed by specific detection of methylated CpGs using the Luminex® xMAP™ system. The frequency of E2BS1, E2BS3 and E2BS4 methylation was significantly higher in SCC compared to CIN3, i.e. 93% vs. 21% (p<0.01), 90% vs. 47% (p<0.01) and 69% vs. 5% (p<0.01), respectively and ranged from 6 to 15% in controls. In scrapings of women with CIN3 methylation ranged from 24 to 33%. In conclusion, we showed that the MIP-Luminex system is a highly sensitive method for methylation analysis. HPV16 E2BSs methylation appeared highly frequent in SCC, with particularly E2BS3 methylation occurring proportional to severity of cervical disease.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / virology
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia / virology
  • DNA Methylation
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Viral / physiology
  • Human papillomavirus 16 / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Luminescent Measurements / methods*
  • Methylation
  • Middle Aged
  • Oncogene Proteins, Viral / genetics
  • Oncogene Proteins, Viral / metabolism*
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / virology*


  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • E2 protein, Human papillomavirus type 16
  • Oncogene Proteins, Viral