SitEx: a computer system for analysis of projections of protein functional sites on eukaryotic genes

Nucleic Acids Res. 2012 Jan;40(Database issue):D278-83. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkr1187. Epub 2011 Dec 1.


Search of interrelationships between the structural-functional protein organization and exon structure of encoding gene provides insights into issues concerned with the function, origin and evolution of genes and proteins. The functions of proteins and their domains are defined mostly by functional sites. The relation of the exon-intron structure of the gene to the protein functional sites has been little studied. Development of resources containing data on projections of protein functional sites on eukaryotic genes is needed. We have developed SitEx, a database that contains information on functional site amino acid positions in the exon structure of encoding gene. SitEx is integrated with the BLAST and 3DExonScan programs. BLAST is used for searching sequence similarity between the query protein and polypeptides encoded by single exons stored in SitEx. The 3DExonScan program is used for searching for structural similarity of the given protein with these polypeptides using superimpositions. The developed computer system allows users to analyze the coding features of functional sites by taking into account the exon structure of the gene, to detect the exons involved in shuffling in protein evolution, also to design protein-engineering experiments. SitEx is accessible at Currently, it contains information about 9994 functional sites presented in 2021 proteins described in proteomes of 17 organisms.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Databases, Protein*
  • Eukaryota / genetics
  • Exons*
  • Genes
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary*
  • Proteins / chemistry*
  • Proteins / genetics*
  • Sequence Analysis, Protein
  • User-Computer Interface


  • Proteins