Inpatient care for septicemia or sepsis: a challenge for patients and hospitals

NCHS Data Brief. 2011 Jun;(62):1-8.


Septicemia and sepsis are serious bloodstream infections that can rapidly become life-threatening. They arise from various infections, including those of the skin, lungs, abdomen, and urinary tract. Patients with these conditions are often treated in a hospital’s intensive care unit. Early aggressive treatment increases the chance of survival. In 2008, an estimated $14.6 billion was spent on hospitalizations for septicemia, and from 1997 through 2008, the inflation-adjusted aggregate costs for treating patients hospitalized for this condition increased on average annually by 11.9%. Despite high treatment expenditures, septicemia and sepsis are often fatal. Those who survive severe sepsis are more likely to have permanent organ damage, cognitive impairment, and physical disability. Septicemia is a leading cause of death. The purpose of this report is to describe the most recent trends in care for hospital inpatients with these diagnoses.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Female
  • Hospital Mortality / trends*
  • Hospitalization / economics
  • Hospitalization / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Inpatients / statistics & numerical data
  • Length of Stay / economics
  • Length of Stay / statistics & numerical data
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Discharge / economics
  • Patient Discharge / statistics & numerical data
  • Patient Transfer / economics
  • Patient Transfer / statistics & numerical data
  • Sepsis / economics
  • Sepsis / mortality*
  • Sex Factors
  • United States / epidemiology