Epidemiology of invasive Kingella kingae infections in 2 distinct pediatric populations cohabiting in one geographic area

Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2012 Apr;31(4):415-7. doi: 10.1097/INF.0b013e318240cf8a.

Abstract

The annual incidence of invasive Kingella kingae infection in children younger than 4 years of age was significantly higher in westernized Jews than in indigent Bedouins living side by side in southern Israel (12.21/100,000 and 5.83/100,000, respectively, (P < 0.05). One K. kingae clone was overrepresented among isolates from Jewish children, suggesting that differences in bacterial pathogenicity may contribute to the morbidity excess detected in this population group.

MeSH terms

  • Child, Preschool
  • Electrophoresis, Gel, Pulsed-Field
  • Ethnic Groups
  • Female
  • Genotype
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Israel / epidemiology
  • Kingella kingae / classification
  • Kingella kingae / genetics
  • Kingella kingae / isolation & purification*
  • Male
  • Molecular Epidemiology
  • Molecular Typing
  • Neisseriaceae Infections / epidemiology*