Aims: Aim of our study was to investigate the value of multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) for detecting significant stenoses of coronary arteries in patients with symptomatic atrial fibrillation (AF) prior to pulmonary vein (PV) ablation (PVA).
Background: Many patients undergoing PVA for AF receive three-dimensional computed tomography or magnetic resonance tomography imaging for improving anatomical orientation.
Methods: One-hundred and eighty-one patients with AF refractory to antiarrhythmic treatment underwent ECG-gated 64-MDCT for identification of PV anatomy and simultaneous assessment of coronary vessels before PVA. No additional radiation was incurred for MDCT coronary angiography during MDCT scan. Pretest probability for obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) was estimated. Invasive coronary angiography (ICA) was performed in all patients with at least intermediate risk of CAD.
Results: Eighty-six out of 181 patients (48%) had ICA and MDCT, 95 patients (52%) underwent MDCT alone. ICA revealed significant stenoses in 9% of the catheterized patients (8/86). MDCT investigation lead to a sensitivity of 90% (9/10), specificity of 98% (829/844 lesions), positive predictive value (PPV) of 39% (9/24), and negative predictive value (NPV) of 100% (829/830 lesions) for the detection of >50% stenoses seen on ICA. All patients with a significant stenosis were classified as patients with CAD. Overall prevalence of significant CAD detected by MDCT was found to be low with 10% of patients and 2% of all segments.
Conclusion: MDCT coronary angiography is sensitive and highly specific in patients presenting for PVA. In this group a negative scan reliably excludes significant CAD. These data suggest that MDCT coronary angiography can replace ICA prior to PVA.