Community-based group intervention for tobacco cessation in rural Tamil Nadu, India: a cluster randomized trial

J Subst Abuse Treat. 2012 Jul;43(1):53-60. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2011.10.026. Epub 2011 Dec 5.


The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy of community-based group intervention for tobacco cessation. We recruited 400 men (20-40 years) currently using any form of tobacco from 20 villages of the Indian State of Tamil Nadu and randomized them equally into intervention and control groups. A physician offered two sessions of health education 5 weeks apart along with self-help material on tobacco cessation to the intervention group. The control group received only self-help material. The contents of the sessions included tobacco-related health problems, benefits of quitting, and coping strategies for withdrawal symptoms. Follow-up data were available for 92%. Self-reported point prevalence abstinence of 12.5% in the intervention group was significantly higher than the 6.0% in the control group at 2 months. Community-based group intervention has the potential to increase the coverage of tobacco cessation services for men in rural Tamil Nadu.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cluster Analysis
  • Community Health Services / organization & administration*
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Health Education / methods
  • Humans
  • India
  • Male
  • Psychotherapy, Group / methods
  • Rural Health Services / organization & administration*
  • Secondary Prevention
  • Self Care / methods
  • Time Factors
  • Tobacco Use Cessation / methods*
  • Tobacco Use Disorder / rehabilitation*
  • Young Adult