A brief assessment tool for body image in systemic lupus erythematosus

Body Image. 2012 Mar;9(2):279-84. doi: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2011.11.001. Epub 2011 Dec 8.


Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) may adversely affect body image in multitude ways. Development and validation of a brief and valid SLE specific body image tool were undertaken. Eleven items were identified on interview of 21 SLE patients for the Body Image Lupus Scale (BILS v1.0). The tool was administered to 70 SLE patients. Based on analysis, feedback, and refinement of items, the final iteration BILS v1.2 with five items was administered to 233 SLE patients along with validated body image measures (Situational Inventory of Body Image Dysphoria and Body Image Quality of Life Inventory) and health-related quality of life measures for a subsample. The BILS scores' had an internal consistency reliability of .94. It correlated with both the referent body image measures, and with health-related quality of life. It differentiated participants by health status and disease activity. Test-retest reliability estimates exceeded .90. These results support the psychometric properties of BILS.

Publication types

  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Body Dysmorphic Disorders / complications
  • Body Dysmorphic Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Body Dysmorphic Disorders / psychology
  • Body Image*
  • Factor Analysis, Statistical
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic / complications
  • Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic / psychology*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Psychometrics
  • Quality of Life / psychology
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Surveys and Questionnaires / standards*