Perioperative management of patients with cardiac implantable electronic devices

Br J Anaesth. 2011 Dec:107 Suppl 1:i16-26. doi: 10.1093/bja/aer354.


Many anaesthesia practitioners caring for patients with a cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED) lack the knowledge, experience, and requisite programming devices to independently manage these patients perioperatively. A recently updated ASA task force Practice Advisory presents expert opinion regarding the perioperative management of patients with CIEDs, and the Heart Rhythm Society (HRS) recently published a consensus statement on this subject in collaboration with the ASA, American Heart Association (AHA), and Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS). The main intent of these documents is to provide recommendations that promote safe management of patients with CIEDs throughout the perioperative period and reduce the likelihood of adverse outcomes. Reviews of this topic focusing on the actions of the anaesthesiologist have been published, but a multidisciplinary approach to the perioperative management is now advocated. In emergent situations, however, or when there is no time for the requisite consultations, and in practice settings where the suggested multidisciplinary approach is simply not feasible, the anaesthesia team must still provide effective, safe perioperative management. Thus, all anaesthesiologists should become familiar with the basics of the current CIED technology and the essential tenets of perioperative CIED management. This review discusses relevant advances in CIED technology and practical perioperative management as outlined in the 2011 ASA Practice Advisory and HRS consensus statement.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • American Heart Association
  • Anesthesiology / methods*
  • Arrhythmias, Cardiac / therapy
  • Consensus Development Conferences as Topic
  • Defibrillators, Implantable*
  • Humans
  • Pacemaker, Artificial*
  • Perioperative Care / methods*
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic*
  • Societies, Medical
  • Surgical Procedures, Operative*
  • United Kingdom
  • United States