Context: The influence of full-length GH receptor (GHR) and exon 3-deleted GHR (d3GHR) on responsiveness to pegvisomant (PEG-V) in acromegalic patients is uncertain.
Objective: The aim of the study was to assess the distribution of GHR genotypes in a large series of patients on PEG-V therapy and their influence on treatment efficacy and adverse effects.
Design and setting: A cross-sectional multicenter pharmacogenetic study was conducted in 16 Italian endocrinology centers of major universities and tertiary care hospitals.
Patients: The study included 127 acromegalic patients enrolled from 2009 to 2010 not cured by previous surgery, radiotherapy, and long-acting somatostatin (SST) analogs, treated with PEG-V.
Intervention and main outcome measure: Sixty-three of 127 patients received combined PEG-V + SST analog therapy. Clinical and hormonal data at diagnosis and before and during PEG-V therapy were inserted in a database. GHR exon 3 deletion and other polymorphisms were genotyped by the coordinator center. Differences in PEG-V dosage required for IGF-I normalization and occurrence of adverse effects between carriers and noncarriers of GHR variants were evaluated.
Results: d3GHR variants were not in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (P = 0.008). No association of these variants with PEG-V dose required for IGF-I normalization, adverse effects occurrence, and tumor regrowth was found in patients on PEG-V and on PEG-V + SST analog treatment. Similar data were obtained considering the GHR variant rs6180.
Conclusions: This study did not confirm a better response of d3GHR to PEG-V treatment in acromegaly. Other studies are needed to determine whether deviation from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium may indicate an association of d3GHR genotype with poor response to usual treatments.