Amenorrhea, osteopenia, and the female athlete

Pediatr Clin North Am. 1990 Oct;37(5):1125-41. doi: 10.1016/s0031-3955(16)36978-4.


Athletic amenorrhea is a problem because it is associated with an increased risk of injuries and potentially an increased risk of osteoporosis in later life. This article gives suggestions for the evaluation of the athlete with amenorrhea and for treatment protocols. Primary care physicians should routinely screen female adolescent athletes for amenorrhea and, if athletic amenorrhea is present, initiate treatment or referral for treatment for this important problem with short- and long-term complications.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Amenorrhea / etiology*
  • Amenorrhea / therapy
  • Bone Density / physiology
  • Bone Diseases, Metabolic / etiology*
  • Exercise / physiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Sports*