Objective: Postlaryngectomy stricture formation and dysphagia negatively affect quality of life and result in nutritional compromise. Understanding risk factors and successful treatment strategies may improve treatment outcomes.
Study design: Historical cohort study.
Setting: Tertiary care medical center.
Subjects and methods: Patients at a tertiary care center who underwent a total laryngectomy between 2003 and 2009 (N = 263) were evaluated in a retrospective manner. Patient demographics, comorbidities, tobacco and alcohol usage, dietary outcomes, feeding tube dependence, and treatment modalities were assessed. Management strategies and outcomes were evaluated.
Results: Strictures developed in 19% (n = 49) of patients, and the majority (82%) occurred in the first year. Incidences of stricture formation were similar for primary (19%) and salvage laryngectomy (19%) patients. Patients undergoing salvage laryngectomy were 2 times more likely to be reconstructed with a free flap, whereas those undergoing a primary laryngectomy were 3 times more likely to be closed primarily. Tubed flap reconstruction significantly increased the incidence of stricture formation compared to primary closure (P = .02) in salvage laryngectomy cases. In primary laryngectomy patients, stricture formation did not correlate with flap reconstruction (P = .34) or adjuvant radiation therapy (P = .79). Patients who required a single dilation had better dietary outcomes compared to patients who required serial dilations (P = .14). There was no difference in overall disease-free survival in primary vs salvage laryngectomy patients (P = .95).
Conclusion: Rates of stricture formation were the same in patients undergoing salvage compared to primary total laryngectomy.