The Relationship Between Neutrophil-To-Lymphocyte Ratio and Inflammation in End-Stage Renal Disease Patients

Ren Fail. 2012;34(2):155-9. doi: 10.3109/0886022X.2011.641514. Epub 2011 Dec 16.

Abstract

Background: Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) have elevated serum levels of inflammatory mediators including C-reactive protein (CRP), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and interleukin (IL)-6. Systemic inflammation was found to be correlated with coronary artery disease (CAD) in this population. Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) was introduced as a potential marker to determine inflammation in cardiac and non-cardiac disorders. Data regarding NLR and its association with inflammation are lacking. We aimed to determine the relationship between NLR and inflammation in ESRD patients.

Material and methods: This was a cross-sectional study involving 61 ESRD patients (25 females and 36 males; mean age: 48.3 ± 14.5 years) receiving peritoneal dialysis (PD) or hemodialysis (HD) for ≥6 months in the Dialysis Unit of Selcuk University. NLR, CRP, TNF-α, and IL-6 levels were measured.

Results: NLR, serum CRP, IL-6, and TNF-α levels were significantly higher in PD patients when compared with HD patients. ESRD patients with NLR ≥ 3.5 had significantly higher TNF-α levels when compared with patients with NLR < 3.5. In the bivariate correlation analysis, NLR was positively correlated with TNF-α in this population.

Conclusions: Simple calculation of NLR can predict inflammation in ESRD patients.

MeSH terms

  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Inflammation / blood*
  • Inflammation / etiology
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / blood*
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / complications
  • Leukocyte Count
  • Lymphocytes*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neutrophils*