Intravitreal bevacizumab and ranibizumab injections for patients with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy

Eye (Lond). 2012 Mar;26(3):426-33. doi: 10.1038/eye.2011.324. Epub 2011 Dec 16.

Abstract

Purpose: To compare the effectiveness of intravitreal injection of bevacizumab and ranibizumab in patients with treatment-naïve polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV).

Methods: A total of 66 and 60 eyes of 121 consecutive patients who received intravitreal bevacizumab (1.25 mg) or ranibizumab (0.5 mg) injection for treatment of PCV were retrospectively reviewed. After initial three loading injections by month, injection was performed as needed. Main outcome measures included best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), foveal center thickness (FCT) as assessed by spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), and change in polypoidal lesion on indocyanine green angiography (ICGA).

Results: At 12 months, average number of injections was 4.72±1.84 in the bevacizumab group and 5.52±1.54 in the ranibizumab group. Mean logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution of BCVA from baseline at 12 months after injection improved by 0.11 in the bevacizumab group (P=0.02) and by 0.14 in the ranibizumab group (P=0.01). Average FCT decreased from 368±62.48 to 298±40.77 μm in the bevacizumab group (P=0.01) and from 371±50.79 to 286±36.93 μm in the ranibizumab group (P=0.01). Polyp regression rate was 24.2% (16 eyes out of 66 eyes) in the bevacizumab group and 23.3% (14 eyes out of 60 eyes) in the ranibizumab group. There was no statistically significant difference in BCVA improvement achieved, FCT improvement achieved, and polyp regression rate between groups.

Conclusion: Intravitreal injections of bevacizumab and ranibizumab have similar effects in stabilization of visual acuity, macular edema, and regression of polypoidal complex with PCV eyes.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Angiogenesis Inhibitors / administration & dosage*
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized / administration & dosage*
  • Bevacizumab
  • Choroid / blood supply*
  • Choroid Diseases / drug therapy*
  • Choroid Diseases / pathology
  • Choroid Diseases / physiopathology
  • Female
  • Fluorescein Angiography
  • Fovea Centralis / pathology
  • Humans
  • Indocyanine Green
  • Intravitreal Injections
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Peripheral Vascular Diseases / drug therapy*
  • Peripheral Vascular Diseases / pathology
  • Peripheral Vascular Diseases / physiopathology
  • Ranibizumab
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Tomography, Optical Coherence
  • Visual Acuity / physiology

Substances

  • Angiogenesis Inhibitors
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized
  • Bevacizumab
  • Indocyanine Green
  • Ranibizumab