Group status drives majority and minority integration preferences

Psychol Sci. 2012 Jan 1;23(1):46-52. doi: 10.1177/0956797611423547. Epub 2011 Dec 14.


This research examined preferences for national- and campus-level assimilative and pluralistic policies among Black and White students under different contexts, as majority- and minority-group members. We targeted attitudes at two universities, one where 85% of the student body is White, and another where 76% of students are Black. The results revealed that when a group constituted the majority, its members generally preferred assimilationist policies, and when a group constituted the minority, its members generally preferred pluralistic policies. The results support a functional perspective: Both majority and minority groups seek to protect and enhance their collective identities.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Acculturation*
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Attitude
  • Black or African American / psychology*
  • Cultural Diversity*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Minority Groups / psychology*
  • Race Relations / psychology*
  • Social Adjustment
  • Social Identification
  • White People / psychology*