Purpose: To investigate the clinical effects and safety of targeted pattern scan laser (Pascal) retinal photocoagulation (TRP) in proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR).
Methods: Prospective and non-randomized study of 28 eyes with treatment-naive proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). Single-session 20-ms-Pascal TRP strategy applied 1500 burns to zones of retinal capillary non-perfusion and intermediate retinal ischaemia guided by wide-field fluorescein angiography (Optos). Main outcome measures at 12 and 24 weeks included; PDR grade (assessed by two masked retina specialists); central retinal thickness (CRT); mean deviation (MD) using 24-2 Swedish interactive threshold algorithm (SITA)-standard visual fields (VF); and ETDRS visual acuity (VA).
Results: Following primary TRP, there was PDR regression in 76% of patients at 12 weeks (κ = 0.70; p < 0.001). No laser re-treatment was required at 4 weeks, and 10 eyes underwent repeat TRP at 12 weeks. Wide-field Optos angiography at 24 weeks showed complete disease regression in 37% and partial regression in 33%. Additional panretinal laser photocoagulation (PRP) was planned for active PDR in 30%. There were significant reductions in CRT over time (10.4 μm at 12-weeks, p = 0.007; 12.1 μm at 24-weeks, p = 0.0003). The MD on VFs improved after 12 weeks (+1.25 dB; p = 0.015) and 24 weeks (+1.26 dB, p = 0.01). The VA increased by +3 letters at 24 weeks (95% CI, 1.74-5.01; p < 0.0001).
Conclusions: This pilot study reports that Optos-guided Pascal 20-ms TRP using 1500 burns for treatment-naive PDR is a promising procedure with favourable safety profile.
© 2011 The Authors. Acta Ophthalmologica © 2011 Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica Foundation.