[The determinants of the low case fatality rate of the cholera epidemic in the Littoral department of Benin in 2008]

Sante Publique. 2011 Sep-Oct;23(5):345-58.
[Article in French]


The 2008 cholera outbreak in Benin was characterized by a low case fatality rate (0.39 p.100) in the Littoral department, where 502 cases were recorded between July and December. The aim of this study was to identify the key factors associated with the low case fatality rate within the department. The cross-sectional, descriptive and analytical study conducted as part of this research used 404 patient records, focus group discussions with ten former patients, in-depth interviews with 8 health authorities involved in the response and structured face-to-face interviews with 12 health personnel involved in the treatment of patients. The data were analyzed using qualitative and quantitative content analysis based on EPIINFO 3.3.2 and EXCEL 2007 software. The results from several sources were cross-checked through triangulation. The mean age of patients was 23.72 ± 14.8 years. 39.35% patients were admitted with severe dehydration. Oral rehydration, intravenous rehydration and antibiotic therapy were given to 99.5%, 85% and 97.77% of patients, respectively. Only one hospital death was noted. The low case fatality rate was mainly due to the following factors: the high quality of care provided in a center with qualified personnel and available and free of charge treatment kits, protocols based on massive rehydration and appropriate hygiene measures, and patient compliance with the treatment plan. The response was also characterized by good coordination, wide mass and local health promotion, and selective antibiotic prophylaxis, which contributed significantly to reducing the spread of the infection.

Publication types

  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Benin / epidemiology
  • Child
  • Cholera / mortality*
  • Cholera / therapy*
  • Clinical Competence
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Disease Outbreaks*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Patient Compliance
  • Rehydration Solutions
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Young Adult


  • Rehydration Solutions