α-Synuclein potentiates interleukin-1β-induced CXCL10 expression in human A172 astrocytoma cells

Neurosci Lett. 2012 Jan 24;507(2):133-6. doi: 10.1016/j.neulet.2011.12.001. Epub 2011 Dec 13.

Abstract

Neuroinflammation and neuronal degeneration observed in Parkinson's disease (PD) has been attributed in part to glial-mediated events. Increased expression of proinflammatory cytokines and abnormal accumulation of the neuronal protein, α-synuclein in the brain are also characteristic of PD. While increasing evidence suggests that astrocytes contribute to neuroinflammation and dopaminergic neuronal degeneration associated with PD, there remains much to learn about these astroglial-mediated events. Therefore, we investigated the in vitro effects of interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and α-synuclein on astroglial expression of interferon-γ inducible protein-10 (CXCL10), a proinflammatory and neurotoxic chemokine. IL-1β-induced CXCL10 protein expression was potentiated by co-exposure to α-synuclein. α-Synuclein did not significantly affect IL-1β-induced CXCL10 mRNA expression, but did mediate increased CXCL10 mRNA stability, which may explain, in part, the increased levels of secreted CXCL10 protein. Future investigations are warranted to more fully define the mechanism by which α-synuclein enhances IL-1β-induced astroglial CXCL10 expression. These findings highlight the importance of α-synuclein in modulating inflammatory events in astroglia. These events may be particularly relevant to the pathology of CNS disorders involving α-synuclein accumulation, including PD and HIV-1 associated dementia.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Astrocytes / metabolism*
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Chemokine CXCL10 / biosynthesis*
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Humans
  • Interleukin-1beta / metabolism*
  • NF-kappa B / metabolism
  • Parkinson Disease / metabolism
  • RNA, Messenger / analysis
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • alpha-Synuclein / metabolism*

Substances

  • CXCL10 protein, human
  • Chemokine CXCL10
  • Interleukin-1beta
  • NF-kappa B
  • RNA, Messenger
  • SNCA protein, human
  • alpha-Synuclein