Comparative evaluation of turmeric and chlorhexidine gluconate mouthwash in prevention of plaque formation and gingivitis: a clinical and microbiological study

J Contemp Dent Pract. 2011 Jul 1;12(4):221-4. doi: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1038.

Abstract

Aim: To compare the efficacy of turmeric mouthwash and chlorhexidine gluconate mouthwash in prevention of gingivitis and plaque formation.

Materials and methods: A total of 100 randomly selected subjects visiting the Department of Periodontology at Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University, Dental College and Hospital, were considered for the study. The gingival index (GI) by Loe and Silness was recorded which was followed by Turesky- Gilmore-Glickman modification of Quigley Hein plaque index (TQHPI) at 0, 14 and 21 days. Individuals who gave an informed consent, subjects in the age group of 25 to 35 years with having fair and poor gingival index scores and a score >1 for plaque index, were included in the study.

Results: Results showed statistically significant reduction (p < 0.05) in mean plaque index (PI) with chlorhexidine gluconate mouthwash when compared with turmeric mouthwash. No significant difference in mean gingival index (GI) was seen when chlorhexidine mouthwash was compared with turmeric mouthwash. Significant reduction in total microbial count (p < 0.05) was observed in both the groups. No significant difference was observed in total microbial count when chlorhexidine mouthwash was compared with turmeric mouthwash.

Conclusion: From the above observations, it can be concluded that chlorhexidine gluconate as well as turmeric mouthwash can be effectively used as an adjunct to mechanical plaque control methods in prevention of plaque and gingivitis. Chlorhexidine gluconate has been found to be more effective when antiplaque property was considered.

Clinical significance: From this study, it could be stated that turmeric is definitely a good adjunct to mechanical plaque control. Further studies are required on turmeric based mouthwash to establish it as a low cost plaque control measure.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Anti-Infective Agents, Local / therapeutic use*
  • Bacteria / drug effects
  • Chlorhexidine / analogs & derivatives*
  • Chlorhexidine / therapeutic use
  • Curcuma
  • Dental Plaque / microbiology
  • Dental Plaque / prevention & control*
  • Dental Plaque Index
  • Gingivitis / prevention & control*
  • Humans
  • Mouthwashes / therapeutic use*
  • Periodontal Index
  • Phytotherapy*
  • Plant Extracts / therapeutic use*

Substances

  • Anti-Infective Agents, Local
  • Mouthwashes
  • Plant Extracts
  • turmeric extract
  • chlorhexidine gluconate
  • Chlorhexidine