Purpose: To report the occurrence of fracture of the Recovery filter and incidence of potentially life-threatening complications associated with fractured fragment migration.
Materials and methods: A retrospective study of images obtained after placement of Recovery inferior vena cava (IVC) filters from 2003 to 2006 was conducted at a single tertiary-care center. Images were reevaluated for fracture and migration; complications related to filter fracture were investigated. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was performed to investigate the relationship between time in situ and fracture.
Results: A total of 363 Recovery filters were placed; 97 were retrieved, leaving 266 filters in situ (135 patients subsequently died of other causes). The following images were evaluated: 130 chest computed tomography (CT) scans, 153 abdominal CT scans, 254 chest radiographs, 148 radiographs of the abdomen/pelvis, and 106 cavagrams. Mean imaging follow-up interval was 18.4 months (maximum, 81.3 mo). No en bloc migration occurred outside the IVC. Twenty-six limb fractures (all short limbs) were identified in 20 patients; the earliest occurred at 4.1 months. Eight fragment migrations occurred into pulmonary arteries, seven into iliac/femoral veins, one into the right ventricle, and one into the renal vein. Seven fragments were intracaval near the filter, one was extracaval, and one could not be located. Kaplan-Meier survival estimates predicted a fracture rate of 40% at 5.5 years. Of the 20 patients with filter fractures, three died of unrelated causes and 17 remain asymptomatic.
Conclusions: Recovery filter fractures occurred at the short limb only, with a suggested 5.5-year fracture risk of 40%. No life-threatening events occurred in patients with filter fracture.
Copyright © 2012 SIR. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.