Objective: To evaluate the effects of domperidone on breast milk production in women who underwent cesarean at full term.
Methods: Women who underwent uncomplicated full-term cesarean were randomly assigned to receive domperidone or placebo for 4 consecutive days post partum. Breast milk was collected twice daily via electric breast pump. Baseline milk production was determined by measuring the volume of milk collected on the 1st postpartum day, before initiation of study medication (day 0). The daily volume of milk collected was compared between groups. Adverse treatment-related effects were recorded.
Results: The study was completed by 22 women in the domperidone group and 23 in the placebo group. Compared with day 0, mean increases in milk volume per participant collected on days 1, 2, 3, and 4 were significantly higher in the domperidone (13.6 ± 23.2 mL, 68.5 ± 71.9 mL, 144.5 ± 122.3 mL, and 191.3 ± 136.1 mL) than in the placebo (2.5 ± 4.6 mL, 24.5 ± 26.5 mL, 72.1 ± 55.6 mL, and 91.4 ± 60.3 mL) group. Minor adverse effects were reported by 7 women in the domperidone group.
Conclusion: Postpartum treatment with domperidone can augment breast milk production after full-term cesarean, with minimal adverse effects.
Copyright © 2011 International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.