Merck V710 is a novel vaccine that contains the highly conserved Staphylococcus aureus iron surface determinant B (IsdB) protein. V710 has induced positive immune responses in healthy subjects. The purpose of the two studies described herein was to evaluate the immunogenicity and safety of two different formulations of V710. Both studies were randomized, controlled, double-blind, parallel-group trials. Study 1 compared liquid, aluminum-adjuvanted V710 (30 μg) with liquid, non-adjuvanted V710 (30 μg) in a 1:1 ratio in 64 healthy adults (18-70 years). Study 2 compared non-adjuvanted lyophilized V710 (60 μg) with saline placebo in a 4:1 ratio in 51 healthy adults (18-80 years). Blood was collected at screening and up to Day 360 postvaccination in Study 1, and at screening and up to Day 84 postvaccination in Study 2. Sera were analyzed for IsdB-specific antibodies using a total IgG assay. The primary endpoints in Study 1 were the proportion of patients with a positive immune response (≥2-fold rise in IsdB-specific IgG antibody level) the geometric mean concentration (GMC), and the geometric mean-fold rise (GMFR), all from baseline at Day 14. The primary endpoint in Study 2 was the GMFR in IsdB-specific IgG antibody concentration from baseline at Day 14. In Study 1, 84.4% responded in the adjuvanted V710 group, and 71.9% in the non-adjuvanted V710 group. The GMC was 115.4 μg/mL in the adjuvanted group and 99.1 μg/mL in the nonadjuvanted group. The GMFR in antibody concentration in the group receiving aluminum-adjuvanted V710 was 4.5 and the GMFR in the group receiving non-adjuvanted V710 was 4.0. In Study 2, the GMFR in antibody concentration in the V710 group was 5.3, and 80.5% had a positive immune response. None responded in the placebo group. Positive immune response was seen in the active treatment groups over the full duration of each study. There were no serious adverse experiences (AE) in either study, and no patients discontinued due to an AE. There were no clinically meaningful differences in AEs between groups in either study. In conclusion, V710, both with and without aluminum adjuvant, and in both liquid and lyophilized formulations, was immunogenic within 14 days of vaccination. All treatments showed similar safety profiles.
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