MRI and CT of nasopharyngeal carcinoma

AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2012 Jan;198(1):11-8. doi: 10.2214/AJR.11.6954.


Objective: This article reviews the MRI and CT of nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Extension of nasopharyngeal tumors, especially into the skull base and the deep facial spaces, is well illustrated on imaging. Assessment of retropharyngeal and cervical lymphadenopathy is important for treatment planning. MRI is commonly used for monitoring patients after therapy.

Conclusion: Imaging can detect effect of radiation on surrounding structures. The imaging findings that help to differentiate nasopharyngeal carcinoma from simulating lesions are discussed.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Carcinoma / diagnosis*
  • Carcinoma / diagnostic imaging
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Humans
  • Lymphatic Metastasis
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
  • Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging
  • Neoplasm Invasiveness
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods*