Fibroblast growth factor 2 inhibits the expression of stromal cell-derived factor 1α in periodontal ligament cells derived from human permanent teeth in vitro

Int J Mol Med. 2012 Apr;29(4):569-73. doi: 10.3892/ijmm.2011.869. Epub 2011 Dec 23.


Although cells derived from periodontal ligament (PDL) tissue are reported to have stem cell-like activity and are speculated to play a crucial role for tissue healing and regeneration after injury or orthodontic treatment, mechanisms regulating their recruitment and activation remain unknown. Recently, stromal cell-derived factor 1α (SDF-1α) has been reported to be important for stem cell homing and recruitment to injured sites. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF-2) affects the expression of SDF-1α in PDL cells derived from human permanent teeth in vitro. Using real-time PCR, the expression of SDF-1α mRNA in PDL cells was inhibited by treatment with 10 ng/ml FGF-2. When PDL cells were treated with SU5402 (an inhibitor of FGF receptor 1) in combination with FGF-2, the FGF-2-reduced expression of SDF-1α was inhibited. In the presence of the JNK inhibitor SP600125, SDF-1α mRNA in PDL cells was not suppressed by the FGF-2 treatment. Western blot analysis also showed that SDF-1α production was suppressed by treatment with FGF-2, but it recovered with treatment by FGF-2 + SU5402. These findings suggest that SDF-1α from PDL cells plays an important role in the regeneration and homeostasis of periodontal tissues via the recruitment of stem cells.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cells, Cultured
  • Chemokine CXCL12 / genetics
  • Chemokine CXCL12 / metabolism*
  • Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 / pharmacology*
  • Humans
  • Periodontal Ligament / cytology*
  • Periodontal Ligament / metabolism
  • Pyrroles / pharmacology
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 1 / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 1 / metabolism
  • Regeneration / drug effects
  • Stem Cells
  • Tooth / cytology


  • CXCL12 protein, human
  • Chemokine CXCL12
  • Pyrroles
  • RNA, Messenger
  • SU 5402
  • Fibroblast Growth Factor 2
  • Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 1