Is continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) for everyone? To whom should CGM be prescribed and how?

Diabetes Metab. 2011 Dec;37 Suppl 4:S80-4. doi: 10.1016/S1262-3636(11)70971-5.

Abstract

Are all type 1 diabetes (T1DM) patients potential candidates for continuous glucose monitoring (CGM)? Clearly, some patients improve their metabolic control with this tool, such as adults with poor metabolic control, especially those treated with continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII), and compliant patients with HbA(1c) levels <7%. There are also less good candidates for CGM, such as patients aged 8-18 years because they are reluctant to wear the sensors or those with new-onset T1DM. Other patient groups have not yet been evaluated, such as patients aged <8 years, women during pregnancy, and those with HbA(1c) >10% and/or severe hypoglycaemia. Beyond the indications, the mode of use of CGM is crucial. An appropriate patient selection, in order to choose those able to run the tool and motivated to use it, is necessary. How to prescribe the sensors is also an important question. Two approaches have been compared: patient-led and physician-driven prescription. Both modes of using CGM provide similar long-term metabolic improvement. However, physician-driven prescription is probably more cost-effective. The last key question is the education of patients by an experienced team. It can help them to translate the large amount of data from the monitor into effective self-management for optimalizing the CGM experience. However, elaboration of a validated algorithm is necessary to take full advantage of this device.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring* / methods
  • Cost-Benefit Analysis
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / drug therapy*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / epidemiology
  • Female
  • France / epidemiology
  • Glycated Hemoglobin A / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Hypoglycemic Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Insulin / therapeutic use*
  • Male
  • Monitoring, Ambulatory / methods*
  • Patient Compliance
  • Patient Selection*
  • Self Care / methods

Substances

  • Glycated Hemoglobin A
  • Hypoglycemic Agents
  • Insulin