Where do youth in foster care receive information about preventing unplanned pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections?

J Pediatr Nurs. 2012 Oct;27(5):443-50. doi: 10.1016/j.pedn.2011.06.003. Epub 2011 Jul 19.


Adolescents in foster care are at risk for unplanned pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, including HIV infection. A study using a qualitative method was conducted to describe how and where foster youth receive reproductive health and risk reduction information to prevent pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections. Participants also were asked to describe their relationship with their primary health care provider while they were in foster care. Nineteen young adults, recently emancipated from foster care, participated in individual interviews. Using grounded theory as the method of analysis, three thematic categories were generated: discomfort visiting and disclosing, receiving and not receiving the bare essentials, and learning prevention from community others. Recommendations include primary health care providers providing a confidential space for foster youth to disclose sexual activity and more opportunities for foster youth to receive reproductive and risk prevention information in the school setting.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Contraception Behavior*
  • Female
  • Foster Home Care*
  • Humans
  • Interviews as Topic
  • Male
  • Patient Education as Topic*
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy, Unplanned*
  • Professional-Patient Relations
  • Qualitative Research
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases / prevention & control*
  • Young Adult