Objective: To characterize the impact of etanercept (ETN) in AS on cost, work productivity and quality of life (QoL).
Methods: A Phase 4, open-label, multi-centre (UK, Scandinavia) extension study in AS. Eligible subjects (n = 84) were treated for 36-52 weeks with ETN 50 mg s.c. once weekly. Analysis included direct costs (transformed out-patient and in-patient care elements), indirect costs (sick leave and lost working days), efficacy and QoL.
Results: Annualized direct and indirect costs decreased (55.5%, P ≤ 0.008) during ETN treatment, as did out-patient and in-patient episodes (physiotherapist/physician visits, P = 0.012). Work productivity and QoL increased.
Conclusion: ETN therapy significantly reduces direct and indirect health-care costs and increases work ability and QoL in AS. Trial Registration. EUDRACT, https://eudract.ema.europa.eu/, 2006-001061-42.