Challenges and strategies in recruiting, interviewing, and retaining recent Latino immigrants in substance abuse and HIV epidemiologic studies

Am J Addict. Jan-Feb 2012;21(1):11-22. doi: 10.1111/j.1521-0391.2011.00193.x. Epub 2011 Dec 15.


The growth of immigrant populations in the United States over the past 20 years has increased the need to enhance understanding about the risk factors that influence their substance abuse and HIV risk behaviors. Today, Latinos account for the largest majority of immigrants gaining entry into the United States. As the largest and fastest growing minority subgroup in the United States, they bear a disproportionate burden of disease and death compared to non-Latinos. Latinos are confronted with escalating HIV and substance-abuse problems, particularly Latinos between the ages of 18-34. This paper is based on our longitudinal study on the drug using and HIV risk behaviors of 527 recent Latino immigrants between the ages of 18-34 who have lived in the United States less than 1 year. The data collection activities of this study have provided insights in identifying, recruiting, interviewing, and retaining Latinos in community-based studies. Strategies, such as utilizing a combination of translation techniques, ensured the development and implementation of culturally appropriate questionnaires. Respondent-driven sampling facilitated identifying participants. Establishing rapport and trust was critical for interviewing, and maintaining a tracking protocol was most important for retention. The lessons learned from this study can guide substance abuse and HIV researchers when recruiting, interviewing, and retaining recent Latino immigrants in future epidemiologic studies.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Community-Based Participatory Research / methods
  • Community-Based Participatory Research / organization & administration
  • Cultural Competency* / organization & administration
  • Cultural Competency* / psychology
  • Emigrants and Immigrants / psychology*
  • Epidemiologic Studies
  • Ethnopsychology / methods
  • Female
  • HIV Infections* / complications
  • HIV Infections* / ethnology
  • HIV Infections* / psychology
  • Hispanic Americans / psychology*
  • Humans
  • Interview, Psychological / methods
  • Male
  • Minority Health / statistics & numerical data
  • Patient Selection*
  • Risk Factors
  • Risk-Taking
  • Substance-Related Disorders* / complications
  • Substance-Related Disorders* / ethnology
  • Substance-Related Disorders* / psychology
  • Translating
  • United States / epidemiology
  • United States / ethnology