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. 2012 Jan;24(1):7-15.
doi: 10.1111/j.1443-1661.2011.01159.x. Epub 2011 Jun 1.

Pneumatic Dilation for Achalasia Cardia: Reduction in Lower Esophageal Sphincter Pressure in Assessing Response and Factors Associated With Recurrence During Long-Term Follow Up

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Pneumatic Dilation for Achalasia Cardia: Reduction in Lower Esophageal Sphincter Pressure in Assessing Response and Factors Associated With Recurrence During Long-Term Follow Up

Uday C Ghoshal et al. Dig Endosc. .

Abstract

Background: Data on utility of post-pneumatic dilation (PD) lower esophageal sphincter (LES) pressure measurement in evaluating short and long-term efficacy of dilation, which tears the non-relaxing LES in achalasia, are scanty.

Methods: Post-PD LES pressure was measured in 72/98 patients with achalasia. The best cut-off pressure classifying responders and non-responders was determined by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Factors associated with non-response and recurrence were evaluated.

Results: Of 98 patients (41.1 ± 13.3 years, 58 male), 75 improved, three had perforation requiring surgery, and 20 did not respond to the first PD session. Of 18/20 patients undergoing a second PD, 11 improved and six non-responders needed myotomy. 37/58 (71%) male and 17/40 (42.5%) female patients had a first PD with a 35-mm balloon (P = 0.03). Age and gender of patients did not influence outcome. LES pressure was lower in responders or in those having recurrence than in non-responders (17 mmHg [6.4-75], 11 mmHg [4.6-31]vs 25 mmHg [13-55]). On the ROC curve, 22.5 mmHg was the best cut-off value differentiating responders and non-responders (area under curve [AUC] 0.73). Of the 86 patients responding to PD, 20 had recurrence. Patients who responded to one session of PD or had LES pressure <10 mmHg after the procedure recurred less often, although there was no relationship with age and gender.

Conclusion: Post-PD LES pressure measurement is useful to assess treatment response. Patients responding to the first session and those with post-PD LES pressure <10 mmHg tended to recur less. Age and gender did not influence outcome, which might be related to preferential use of a 35-mm balloon, particularly for male patients, during the first session.

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