Children's PTSD reactions one year after a sniper attack at their school

Am J Psychiatry. 1990 Nov;147(11):1526-30. doi: 10.1176/ajp.147.11.1526.


Fourteen months after a sniper attack at an elementary school, level of exposure to that event remained the primary predictor of ongoing posttraumatic stress reactions in 100 schoolchildren who were followed up. Guilt feelings and knowing the child who was killed were associated with a greater number of symptoms. Grief reactions occurred independent of degree of exposure to the event. The authors discuss the public health implications of these longitudinal findings.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Child
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Grief
  • Guilt
  • Humans
  • Life Change Events*
  • Male
  • Peer Group
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / diagnosis*
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / psychology
  • Students / psychology
  • Violence*