Objectives: To compare outcomes and the use of multimodality therapy in young and elderly people with pancreatic cancer undergoing surgical resection.
Design: Retrospective, single-institution study.
Setting: National Cancer Institute/National Comprehensive Cancer Network cancer center.
Participants: Two hundred three individuals who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy for pancreatic adenocarcinoma at Duke University Medical Center comprised the study population. Participants were divided into three groups based on age (<65, n = 97; 65-74, n = 74; ≥75, N = 32).
Measurements: Perioperative outcomes, the use of multimodality therapy, and overall survival of the different age groups were compared.
Results: Similar rates of perioperative mortality and morbidity were observed in all age groups, but elderly adults were more likely to be discharged to a rehabilitation or skilled nursing facility. A similar proportion of participants received neoadjuvant therapy, but a smaller proportion of elderly participants received adjuvant therapy. Overall survival was similar between the age groups. Predictors of poorer overall survival included coronary artery disease, positive resection margin, and less-differentiated tumor histology. Treatment with neoadjuvant and adjuvant therapy were predictors of better overall survival.
Conclusion: Carefully selected elderly individuals experience similar perioperative outcomes and overall survival to those of younger individuals after resection of pancreatic cancer. There appears to be a significant disparity in the use of adjuvant therapy between young and elderly individuals.
© 2012, Copyright the Authors Journal compilation © 2011, The American Geriatrics Society.