Should children dive with self-contained underwater breathing apparatus (SCUBA)?

Acta Paediatr. 2012 May;101(5):472-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1651-2227.2011.02589.x. Epub 2012 Jan 23.


Diving with self-contained underwater breathing apparatus (SCUBA) has become a popular recreational activity in children and adolescents. This article provides an extensive review of the current literature.

Conclusions: Medical contraindications to SCUBA diving for adults apply to children and adolescents, too, but must be adapted. Additional restrictions to the fitness to dive must apply to both, children and adolescents. Children should always be accompanied by a trained adult when diving.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Athletic Injuries / epidemiology
  • Athletic Injuries / etiology
  • Athletic Injuries / prevention & control
  • Child
  • Diving*
  • Humans
  • Risk Factors
  • Sports Equipment*