Near-final height in patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia treated with combined therapy using GH and GnRHa

Arq Bras Endocrinol Metabol. 2011 Nov;55(8):661-4. doi: 10.1590/s0004-27302011000800023.


Introduction: Intrinsic limitations of glucocorticoid therapy in patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) determine frequent loss in final height. The association of secondary central precocious puberty and early epiphyseal fusion is also frequent. In these conditions, GnRHa treatment alone or in combination with GH has been indicated.

Objectives: This is a retrospective study, describing the estatural findings of CAH patients with significant decrease in height prediction, who were submitted to combined GH plus GnRHa therapy up to near-final height.

Subjects and methods: We studied 13 patients, eight females and five males, eight with the classical and five with the nonclassical form of the disorder. Treatment with hydrocortisone (10-20 mg/m(2)/day) or prednisolone (3-6 mg/kg/day) was associated with GnRHa (3.75 mg/months) for 4.0 (1.5) years, and GH (0.05 mg/kg/day) for 3.6 (1.4) years.

Results: Stature standard deviation score for bone age improved significantly after GH treatment, becoming similar to target height at the end of the second year of GH treatment.

Conclusion: We conclude that combined GH plus GnRHa therapy can be useful in a subset of CAH patients with significant reduction of predicted final height associated with poor hormonal control and central precocious puberty.

MeSH terms

  • Adrenal Hyperplasia, Congenital / drug therapy*
  • Adrenal Hyperplasia, Congenital / physiopathology
  • Age Determination by Skeleton
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Body Height / drug effects*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Drug Therapy, Combination / methods
  • Female
  • Glucocorticoids / therapeutic use*
  • Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone / therapeutic use*
  • Human Growth Hormone / therapeutic use*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Puberty, Precocious* / drug therapy
  • Puberty, Precocious* / physiopathology
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Glucocorticoids
  • Human Growth Hormone
  • Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone