Background: Exercise oscillatory ventilation (EOV) is a common pattern of breathing in heart failure (HF) patients, and indicates a poor prognosis.
Aim: To investigate the effects of adaptive servoventilation (ASV) on ventilatory response during exercise.
Methods: We studied 39 HF patients with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) £ 45. Cardiorespiratory polygraphy, cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET), echocardiography, and measurement of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) concentration were performed. Twenty patients with Cheyne-Stokes respiration and apnoea-hypopnoea index (AHI) ≥ 15/h were identified. Of these, 11 patients were successfully titrated on ASV and continued therapy. In the third month of ASV treatment, polygraphy, CPET, echocardiography, and measurement of NT-proBNP concentration were performed again.
Results: The EOV was detected at baseline in 12 (31%) HF patients, including eight (67%) who underwent ASV. The EOV was associated with significantly lower LVEF, peak oxygen uptake (VO(2)), and ventilatory anaerobic threshold (VAT), and a significantly higher left ventricular diastolic diameter (LVDD), slope of ventilatory equivalent for carbon dioxide (VE/VCO(2)), AHI, central AHI and NT-proBNP concentration. In seven patients with EOV, reversal of EOV in the third month of ASV therapy was observed; only in one patient did EOV persist (p = 0.0156).
Conclusions: The EOV can be reversed with ASV therapy. The EOV in association with central sleep apnoea and Cheyne- -Stokes respiration (CSA/CSR) is prevalent in HF patients and correlates with severity of the disease.