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. 2012 Jul;77(1):106-12.
doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2265.2012.04332.x.

Association Between Plasma 25-OH Vitamin D and Testosterone Levels in Men

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Free PMC article

Association Between Plasma 25-OH Vitamin D and Testosterone Levels in Men

Katharina Nimptsch et al. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). .
Free PMC article

Abstract

Objective: A small randomized controlled trial suggested that vitamin D might increase the production of testosterone in men, which is supported by experimental studies in animals and a cross-sectional study showing positive associations between plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] and testosterone and concordant seasonal variation of both biomarkers.

Design and measurements: We investigated the cross-sectional association of plasma 25(OH)D levels and total and free testosterone measured by immunoassay in 1362 male participants of the Health Professionals Follow-up Study who were selected for a nested case-control study on prostate cancer using multivariate-adjusted linear and restricted cubic spline regression models.

Results: 25(OH)D was positively associated with total and free testosterone levels. From the lowest to the highest 25(OH)D quintile, multivariate-adjusted means (95% confidence interval) were 18·5 (17·7; 19·4), 19·4 (18·6; 20·2), 19·6 (18·8; 20·4), 20·1 (19·3; 20·9) and 20·0 (19·1; 20·8; P-trend = 0·003) for total testosterone and 97·7 (93·9; 101·5), 98·2 (94·1; 102·2), 99·2 (95·2; 103·2), 100·7 (96·9; 104·5) and 101·5 (97·6; 105·4; P-trend = 0·03) for free testosterone. The shapes of the dose-response curves indicate that the association between 25(OH)D and total and free testosterone is linear at lower levels of 25(OH)D (below approximately 75-85 nmol/l), reaching a plateau at higher levels. Unlike for 25(OH)D, we did not observe any seasonal variation of testosterone concentrations.

Conclusion: This study supports previously reported positive associations between vitamin D and testosterone although we did not observe parallel seasonal variation patterns. Possible causality and direction of the vitamin D-testosterone association deserve further scientific investigation.

Figures

Figure 1
Figure 1
Monthly variation of mean (age- and batch-adjusted) 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D], total testosterone, free testosterone and estradiol. Bars indicate 95% confidence intervals.
Figure 2a
Figure 2a
Association between 25 (OH) vitamin D and total testosterone modeled continuously using splines; 95% confidence interval in gray [model adjusted for age (at blood collection), batch, time of blood collection, season, BMI at blood collection (continuous), smoking status, geographical region, physical activity (METs/week)].
Figure 2b
Figure 2b
Association between 25 (OH) vitamin D and free testosterone modeled continuously using splines; 95% confidence interval in gray [model adjusted for age (at blood collection), batch, time of blood collection, season, BMI at blood collection (continuous), smoking status, geographical region, physical activity (METs/week)].

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