Mental preparation for the 2014 Winter Paralympic Games

Clin J Sport Med. 2012 Jan;22(1):70-3. doi: 10.1097/JSM.0b013e31824204cc.


Objective: The purpose of this review is to describe how Paralympians can prepare for the 2014 Paralympic Games through mental skill use.

Data sources: A search of adapted physical activity, sport psychology, and disability-specific journals was conducted along with electronic databases (eg, ArticleFirst) using the terms sport psychology, Olympics, Paralympics, psychological and mental preparation and skills, imagery, visualization, self-talk, anxiety, confidence, and performance enhancement. Reference lists from relevant articles were then used to continue the search. No constraining dates were used.

Results: A review of the results from both qualitative and quantitative research on Paralympians, Olympians, and elite-level athletes suggests that mental preparation and mental skill development can help Paralympians enhance their performances.

Conclusions: Sport psychologists can help Paralympians develop mental skills to manage the unique stressors of the Paralympics to increase the odds of having superior performances.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological*
  • Athletic Performance / psychology*
  • Disabled Persons / psychology*
  • Humans
  • Physical Education and Training
  • Practice, Psychological
  • Sports / psychology*