The impact of snake bite on household economy in Bangladesh

Trop Doct. 2012 Jan;42(1):41-3. doi: 10.1258/td.2011.110137. Epub 2012 Jan 5.


The present study aims to assess the different types of costs for treatment of snake bite patients, to quantify household economic impact and to understand the coping mechanisms required to cover the costs for snake bite patients in Bangladesh. The patients admitted to four tertiary level hospitals in Bangladesh were interviewed using structured questionnaires including health-care-related expenditures and the way in which the expenditures were covered. Of the snakes which bit the patients, 54.2% were non-venomous, 45.8% were venomous and 42.2% of the patients were given polyvalent antivenom. The total expenditure related to snake bite varies from US$4 (US$1 = Taka 72) to US$2294 with a mean of US$124 and the mean income loss was US$93. Expenditure for venomous snake bite was US$231, which is about seven times higher than non-venomous snake bite (US$34). The treatment imposes a major economic burden on affected families, especially in venomous snake bite cases.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antivenins / administration & dosage
  • Antivenins / therapeutic use*
  • Bangladesh / epidemiology
  • Family Characteristics
  • Female
  • Health Expenditures
  • Humans
  • Income
  • Interviews as Topic
  • Male
  • Rural Population
  • Snake Bites / diagnosis
  • Snake Bites / drug therapy*
  • Snake Bites / economics*
  • Snake Bites / epidemiology
  • Snakes / classification*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires


  • Antivenins