Epidemiology of the metabolic syndrome in Hungary

Public Health. 2012 Feb;126(2):143-9. doi: 10.1016/j.puhe.2011.11.003. Epub 2012 Jan 9.


Objectives: Hungary has high cardiovascular mortality. Recent studies have revealed a high prevalence of several cardiovascular risk factors, including obesity, diabetes and hypertension. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in Hungary.

Study design: Cross-sectional study.

Methods: Within the framework of the Hungarian General Practitioners' Morbidity Sentinel Stations Programme, a random sample of 2006 individuals aged 20-69 years was selected in 2006. Physical examinations, blood sampling and data collection were performed by general practitioners. Information on environmental factors was gathered using a questionnaire. The population prevalence was estimated based on the sample frequencies.

Results: The overall response rate was 91%. The age-adjusted prevalence of the metabolic syndrome using the 2009 Harmonized definition was 38% [95% confidence interval (CI) 35-42%] in males and 30% (95% CI 28-33%) in females aged 20-69 years. There were no significant regional differences in the frequency figures.

Conclusions: The high prevalence of the metabolic syndrome is a serious public health problem in Hungary, and remains a major determinant of the high burden of cardiovascular disease.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / epidemiology
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hungary / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Metabolic Syndrome / epidemiology*
  • Middle Aged
  • Prevalence