Purified vitexin compound 1 suppresses tumor growth and induces cell apoptosis in a mouse model of human choriocarcinoma

Int J Gynecol Cancer. 2012 Mar;22(3):360-6. doi: 10.1097/IGC.0b013e31823de844.


Objective: In our previous study, we had isolated a series of lignan compounds, termed vitexins, from the seed of Chinese herb Vitex negundo and found broad antitumor activities of these compounds in many cancer xenograft models and cell lines. This study was aimed to determine the antitumor effect of purified vitexin compound 1 (VB1) on choriocarcinoma in vitro and in vivo.

Materials and methods: The severe combined immunodeficiency mouse model of choriocarcinoma was established to investigate the in vivo effect of VB1. Its effect on proliferation and apoptosis in JEG-3 cell line was evaluated by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay, colony formation assay and flow cytometry, respectively. The expression of caspase-3, Bcl-2, and some molecules involved in the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling was detected by Western blot.

Results: Vitexin compound 1 significantly inhibited the growth of choriocarcinoma in severe combined immunodeficient mice and reduced the serum β-human chorionic gonadotropin level. Vitexin compound 1 inhibited cell proliferation, induced apoptosis, and inhibited the mTOR signaling in JEG-3 cell line.

Conclusion: Vitexin compound 1 could inhibit choriocarcinoma via inducing cell apoptosis and suppressing the mTOR pathway.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic / chemistry
  • Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic / isolation & purification
  • Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic / therapeutic use
  • Apigenin / chemistry
  • Apigenin / isolation & purification
  • Apigenin / therapeutic use*
  • Apoptosis / drug effects*
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cell Proliferation / drug effects*
  • Choriocarcinoma / drug therapy*
  • Choriocarcinoma / pathology
  • Down-Regulation / drug effects
  • Female
  • Guaiacol / analogs & derivatives
  • Guaiacol / isolation & purification
  • Guaiacol / therapeutic use
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Mice, Nude
  • Mice, SCID
  • Models, Biological
  • Naphthols / isolation & purification
  • Naphthols / therapeutic use
  • Pregnancy
  • Tumor Burden / drug effects
  • Up-Regulation / drug effects
  • Uterine Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Uterine Neoplasms / pathology
  • Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays


  • Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
  • Naphthols
  • Guaiacol
  • Apigenin
  • vitexin