Isolation and identification of C-19 fatty acids with anti-tumor activity from the spores of Ganoderma lucidum (reishi mushroom)

Fitoterapia. 2012 Apr;83(3):490-9. doi: 10.1016/j.fitote.2011.12.014. Epub 2011 Dec 30.


We previously showed that ethanolic extracts of spores of Ganoderma lucidum inhibit tumor cell proliferation and induce apoptosis of HL-60 cells. The active constituents appeared to be long-chain fatty acids, particularly carbon-19 (C-19) fatty acids which have not been reported in spores of Ganoderma lucidum. In the present study, two of these C-19 fatty acids which are key compounds in the activities, were identified as their 2-naphthyl ester derivatives after esterification of a mixture of fatty acids obtained from the spores. The active compounds were determines as nonadecanoic acid and cis-9-nonadecenoic acid. The location of the double bond of cis-9-nonadecenoic acid was demonstrated by GC-MS analysis, based on the fragmentation pattern of the adduct prepared from the fatty acid and dimethyl disulfide.

MeSH terms

  • Antineoplastic Agents / isolation & purification
  • Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacology
  • Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Biological Products / chemistry
  • Biological Products / pharmacology
  • Biological Products / therapeutic use*
  • Carbon / chemistry
  • Fatty Acids / isolation & purification
  • Fatty Acids / pharmacology
  • Fatty Acids / therapeutic use*
  • HL-60 Cells
  • Humans
  • Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute / drug therapy*
  • Phytotherapy*
  • Reishi / chemistry*
  • Spores, Fungal / chemistry


  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Biological Products
  • Fatty Acids
  • Carbon
  • nonadecanoic acid