International Association of Dental Traumatology guidelines for the management of traumatic dental injuries: 1. Fractures and luxations of permanent teeth

Dent Traumatol. 2012 Feb;28(1):2-12. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-9657.2011.01103.x.


Traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) of permanent teeth occur frequently in children and young adults. Crown fractures and luxations are the most commonly occurring of all dental injuries. Proper diagnosis, treatment planning and followup are important for improving a favorable outcome. Guidelines should assist dentists and patients in decision making and for providing the best care effectively and efficiently. The International Association of Dental Traumatology (IADT) has developed a consensus statement after a review of the dental literature and group discussions. Experienced researchers and clinicians from various specialties were included in the group. In cases where the data did not appear conclusive, recommendations were based on the consensus opinion of the IADT board members. The guidelines represent the best current evidence based on literature search and professional opinion. The primary goal of these guidelines is to delineate an approach for the immediate or urgent care of TDIs. In this first article, the IADT Guidelines for management of fractures and luxations of permanent teeth will be presented.

Publication types

  • Practice Guideline

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Alveolar Process / injuries
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Consensus
  • Dental Enamel / injuries
  • Dental Pulp / injuries
  • Dentin / injuries
  • Emergency Treatment
  • Humans
  • Jaw Fractures / therapy
  • Radiography
  • Tooth Avulsion / diagnostic imaging
  • Tooth Avulsion / therapy*
  • Tooth Crown / injuries
  • Tooth Fractures / diagnostic imaging
  • Tooth Fractures / therapy*
  • Tooth Root / injuries
  • Young Adult