The TIF1α-related TRIM cofactors couple chromatin modifications to transcriptional regulation, signaling and tumor suppression

Transcription. Sep-Oct 2011;2(5):231-6. doi: 10.4161/trns.2.5.17725.


TRIM24 (TIF1α), TRIM28 (TIF1β) and TRIM33 (TIF1γ) are related cofactors defining a subgroup of the tripartite motif (TRIM) superfamily comprising an N-terminal RING finger E3 ligase and a C-terminal PHD-Bromodomain chromatin interacting module. Increasing evidence highlights the important roles of these proteins as modulators of multiple signaling pathways during normal development and as tumor suppressors. The finding that they interact to form a multiprotein complex suggests new mechanisms to integrate multiple signaling pathways for tumor suppression.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Carcinoma, Hepatocellular / metabolism
  • Carcinoma, Hepatocellular / pathology
  • Chromatin / metabolism*
  • Coenzymes / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Liver Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Liver Neoplasms / pathology
  • Models, Biological
  • Nuclear Proteins / genetics
  • Nuclear Proteins / metabolism*
  • Signal Transduction*
  • Smad4 Protein / metabolism
  • Transcription Factors / genetics
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism*
  • Transcription, Genetic
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta / metabolism
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / metabolism


  • Chromatin
  • Coenzymes
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Smad4 Protein
  • Transcription Factors
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
  • transcriptional intermediary factor 1