Prostate cancer antigen 3 (PCA3) is a novel urine-based prostate cancer biomarker that has recently been studied extensively for the prediction of prostate biopsy results and treatment outcomes. Numerous studies have demonstrated that urinary PCA3 scores are predictive of prostate cancer detection on both initial and repeat biopsy. There is conflicting evidence on the relationship between PCA3 with aggressive tumor features and treatment outcomes. This article reviews the current evidence on PCA3 as a marker for prostate cancer detection and prognosis.
Keywords: Prostate cancer; Prostate cancer antigen 3; Prostatectomy; Risk assessment.