Impact of ceftriaxone de-restriction on the occurrence of ESBL-positive bacterial strains and antibiotic consumption

J Chemother. 2011 Dec;23(6):341-4. doi: 10.1179/joc.2011.23.6.341.


As a cost-saving measure, the Drug and Therapeutics Committee (DTC) removed ceftriaxone from the list of restricted antibiotics in May, 2008, which permitted its use as a first-line antibiotic. To evaluate the impact of this change, the occurrence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-positive bacterial strains and antibiotic consumption were monitored for 2 years before and after the intervention. In the post-intervention period, ceftriaxone utilization increased, while total antibiotic utilization did not change significantly. The utilization of all restricted antibiotics decreased (p <0.05) in the post-intervention period. Utilization of carbapenems increased (p <0.05), while utilization of quinolones increased nonsignificantly. The density of resistant ESBLs increased (p = 0.001) from 0.99 to 1.34 per 1000 bed-days from the pre- to the postintervention period. Ceftriaxone use was significantly correlated with ESBL occurrence (p <0.005). It can be concluded that ceftriaxone de-restriction increased the occurrence of ESBLs and the utilization of carbapemens.

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Bacteria / drug effects*
  • Bacteria / enzymology*
  • Ceftriaxone / therapeutic use*
  • Drug Utilization / statistics & numerical data*
  • Drug Utilization Review
  • Humans
  • beta-Lactamases / biosynthesis*


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Ceftriaxone
  • beta-Lactamases