Overexpression of the long non-coding RNA MEG3 impairs in vitro glioma cell proliferation

J Cell Biochem. 2012 Jun;113(6):1868-74. doi: 10.1002/jcb.24055.


Gliomas are the most common type of primary brain tumor in the central nervous system of adults. Maternally Expressed Gene 3 (MEG3) is an imprinted gene located at 14q32 that encodes a non-coding RNA (ncRNA) associated with tumorigenesis. However, little is known about whether and how MEG3 regulates glioma development. In the present study we assayed the expression of MEG3 in glioma tissue samples by real-time polymerase chain reaction assay, and defined the biological functions and target genes by CCK-8 assay, flow cytometry, and RNA immunoprecipitation. We first demonstrated that MEG3 expression was markedly decreased in glioma tissues compared with adjacent normal tissues. Moreover, ectopic expression of MEG3 inhibited cell proliferation and promoted cell apoptosis in U251 and U87 MG human glioma cell lines. We further verified that MEG3 was associated with p53 and that this association was required for p53 activation. These data suggest an important role of MEG3 in the molecular etiology of glioma and implicate the potential application of MEG3 in glioma therapy.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Apoptosis / genetics
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / genetics
  • Female
  • Glioma / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic
  • RNA, Untranslated / biosynthesis
  • RNA, Untranslated / genetics*
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / biosynthesis
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / genetics
  • Young Adult


  • RNA, Untranslated
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53