The Bahasa Melayu version of the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire: reliability and validity study in Malaysia

Asia Pac J Public Health. 2015 Mar;27(2):NP184-93. doi: 10.1177/1010539511433462. Epub 2012 Jan 10.


This study aimed to assess the reliability and concurrent validity of the Bahasa Melayu version of the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ-M) by comparing it with the short form of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ-S) and objectively measuring physical activity using a Yamax DigiWalker (Yamax, Tokyo, Japan) pedometer. A total of 100 adults aged between 20 and 58 years from Kelantan in Malaysia voluntarily participated in this study. The Wilcoxon signed-rank analysis showed no significant differences in 2-week test-retest scores for total metabolic equivalent∙minutes∙per week and 4 domains of the GPAQ-M. There was a low but significant relationship between time spent on total physical activity measured by the GPAQ-M and average steps per day recorded using the pedometer (r s = .265, P = .013). Significant correlations were also found between GPAQ-M and the IPAQ-S for varying levels of intensity during physical activities (r s = .309-.466, P < .01).

Keywords: GPAQ; Global Physical Activity Questionnaire; IPAQ; International Physical Activity Questionnaire; Malaysia; physical activity; reliability; validity.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Exercise*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Japan
  • Malaysia
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Surveys and Questionnaires / standards*
  • Young Adult